What are the Different Types of Dental Implants?
In essence, a dental implant is a surgical fixture placed into the jawbone. It is then given a few months to fuse with the bone in the jaw. Dental implants act as replacement for the root of the missing tooth. Said artificial tooth will also hold the bridge or replacement tooth in place.
The process of fusion between the jawbone and the dental implant is known as osseointegration. Dental implants are considered ideal because it is the closest thing to mimicking the natural tooth without affecting any of the nearby tooth.
To allow easy integration with the bone, most dental implants are made of titanium. Over the years, improvements in dental techniques and processes have improved the outcome of dental implants significantly. Nowadays, the success rate for dental implants is at 98 percent.
Different Types of Dental Implants
There are two different types of dental implants: endosteal and subperiosteal. The former refers to an implant that is “in the bone” so to speak. The latter on the other hand refers to dental implants that rest on the top of the jawbone, under the gum tissue. Nowadays, subperiosteal implants are no longer used because it has poor long-term results.
While the main function of dental implants is replacement of teeth, there are instances where they are used to assist in other dental procedures. For instance, because of their stability, they are used as support for removable dentures. In addition, they are also known to provide a more secure as well as better and more comfortable fit for removable dentures.
In other cases, mini-dental implants are also used as temporary anchorage devices (TAD) so teeth can be moved to the desired position. These mini-implants are fixed temporarily to the bone to act as anchorage for teeth movement. They are eventually removed after serving their purpose.
For patients who have lost their teeth secondary to gum disease or decay, a minimal dental implant may also be used to serve as stable and comfortable prosthesis. One example of this is the “All-On-4” technique. Basically, the technique involves using four implants as replacement for all the teeth in a single arch (lower or upper).
Undoubtedly, dental implants have provided more treatment options to replace both single and multiple missing teeth. It is also considered stable, long-lasting, and helps contribute to enhanced oral health.
Advantages of Dental Implants
Dental implants provide several advantages. Some of the most notable ones include:
- They can be used to replace missing teeth without altering or affecting any of the adjacent teeth.
- Since dental implants are integrated into the jawbone, they are considered very stable.
- Dental implants also have the look and feel of natural teeth.
- Dental implants are considered the only tooth replacement that replaces jaw stimulation and helps prevent bone loss as a result.
- Since dental implants are securely anchored into the jawbone, they allow patients to be able to bite with almost the same force as that of the natural teeth.